Here's some official chatter over the police radios the day of the first attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery via the Edmund Pettus Bridge:
(Quoting from page 44 of Canaan's Edge) "There's three more cars of niggers crossing the bridge. Some white bastards riding with them."
This from the land of 'State's Rights' and 'We never had no race problem 'til these outside agitators started up.'
A couple hundred cops, 'possemen' and assorted hooligans attacked peaceful marchers with tear gas, clubs and homemade flails made of rubber hose laced with spikes. All because a group of Negroes had decided to march peacefully from Selma to Montgomery to petition the Governor (George Wallace) for voting rights.